41. A country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it invoidable and strongly defended. Ap Human Geography Unit 4 Terms 🎓questionState answerDefinition: An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign From the 16th century to the early 20th century, the Ottoman Empire controlled large swaths of the Balkans at various times, and imposed Islamic culture on many of the peoples under its rule. Fall 2019. It was coined at the end of World War I to describe the ethnic and political fragmentation that followed the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, particularly in the Balkans. A region of persistent political fragmentation due to devolution and centrifugal forces. Kosovo’s independence in the latter year indicates that shatterbelts will remain volatile regions well into the 21st century. 27 terms. AP Exams are regularly updated to align with best practices in college-level learning. About AP Human Geography. AP Human Geography – Abrey/Ewald Name: _____ Vocab Definition Example Barrio Ethnic Cleansing Ethnocentrism Genocide Multi-Nation State Multi-State Nation Nation Nation-State Race Segregation Self Determination Shatterbelt State Stateless Nation What is “Ethnicity”? monoglot. shatterbelt theory. Write a definition and give one real world example for each of the following terms 1. areas where diverse languages are spoken. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY. Ex. Shatterbelt. Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. Devolution: AP Human Geography Crash Course There are many serious challenges facing countries today. Course Syllabus. Political Boundaries that correspond with physical features such as mountains or rivers. See more. Shatterbelt a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and ofter fragmented by aggressive rivals Cohen's theory predicted that armed conflicts after … Regions classified as shatterbelts are characterized by states or territories that have a large degree of ethnic, linguistic, and/or religious diversity, and a history of antagonism and hostility between the groups living there, and can result from the balkanization of larger political entities. Boundaries in shatterbelts tend to be fluid and often contested, due to the fact that such political divisions frequently cross cultural regions, splitting ethnic groups between two or more countries. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire afterWorldWar I, the subsequent creation of Yugoslavia, and four decades of the Cold War only temporarily subsumed the turbulent character of this shatterbelt, as witnessed by the violent birth of seven new countries, most of which had never been independent previously, between 1991 and 2008. crovillos1. Final Project. AP COURSE AND EXAM DESCRIPTIONS ARE UPDATED PERIODICALLY Please visit AP Central (apcentral.collegeboard.org) to determine whether a more recent course and exam description is available. AP Human Geography : War & Terrorism Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. Supranational definition, outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. Adaptive Strategy. Has a defined territory, a permanet population, a government, and is recognized by other states. Frontiers. 8. … Chapter 8 Key Issue 1 of The Cultural Landscape by James M. Rubenstein as presented by Andrew Patterson. The term has been applied by political geographers to a number of places since the SecondWorldWar, especially East Central Europe, but also SoutheastAsia, the Middle East, and Africa. Not all free-response questions on this page reflect the current exam, but the question types and the topics are similar, a central land area relatively invulnerable to attack and capable of economic and political self-sufficiency. The term has been applied by political geographers to a number of places since the SecondWorldWar, especially East Central Europe, but also SoutheastAsia, the Middle East, and Africa. Breif and detailed informations about geographic terms. Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people, a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular geographic areas. Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality. AP Human Geography Religion Words. Cultural Shatterbelt. See more. A synonymous phrase is “crush zone.” Shatterbelts sometimes serve as buffer zones between hostile states or empires, and historically have played an important role in geopolitics. outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. AP Human Geography Chapter 7 (Ethnicity) Key Terms 🎓questionAcculturation answerTo assimilate or cause to assimilate a different culture, typically the dominant culture. AP Human Geography Samples and Commentary from the 2019 Exam Administration: Free-Response Question 3 - Set 1 Author: College Board Subject: AP Human Geography Samples and Commentary from the 2019 Exam Administration: Free-Response Question 3 - Set 1 Keywords CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. The term also is used to refer to ethnic conflict within multiethnic states. For a long time, human geography has maintained four principal divisions, including political, cultural, economic, and social. shatter belt. A majority of the Slavic-speaking peoples in the region retained their Christian religious identity, but they too were divided into Roman Catholics (Slovenes, Croatians) or Orthodox Christians (Serbs, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Bulgarians) whose relationships were frequently antagonistic. Historic North American Shatterbelts. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. What is shatterbelt? a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals. Students learn that political patterns reflect ideas about how Earth's surface should be organized and affect a wide range of activities and understandings. Shatterbelt. Start studying AP Human Geography-Unit 4. ... Chapter 8: Political Geography. questionAdaptive strategy answerUsed Compounding this complex ethnic geography was the presence of large non-Slavic Christian minorities like the Hungarians and Germans, especially in those portions of the region that fell within the borders of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and many other groups scattered throughout the peninsula. Multi-state Nation This region has been functionally a shatterbelt for at least 500 years, as it has been geographically sandwiched between more powerful states that attempted to control part or all of the territory. Figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secular; More broadly, the art of representation by pictures or images, which may or may not have a symbolic as well as an apparent or superficial meaning. This urban-to-rural transect hierarchy has appropriate building and street types for … Those challenges are rooted in history and countries (also called states) must deal with the boundaries left to them by past generations. AP Test Studying. Almost the entire population of what are today Albania and Kosovo were converted to Islam, and significant numbers were converted in portions of modern-day Bosnia and Bulgaria as well. In a more modern context, shatterbelts often hold what Samuel Huntington has described as “civilizational fault lines,” a key concept in his “clash of civilizations” thesis. a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own. E. wall. The study of human political ... Shatterbelt. Exculsionary- Meant to keep people out 2. As Inclsionary- Meant to facillitate trade and movement, When a physical feature such as a mountain or river determine a political boundary. The vast and rich North American continent, once discovered by Europe,lay open to settlement and exploitation by several of the great powers who possessed thenorth temperate location, wealth, and technology for colonization in the New World. A B; Political Geography: the study of the political organizations of the world: state: a politically organized territory with a permanent population, a defined territory, and a government Check out the NEW AP Human Geography Ultimate Review Packet! A shatterbelt is a region that is caught between colliding external cultural/political forces. AP Human Geography connection: 2019 CED. AP Human Geography > Chapter 8 Vocab > Flashcards Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (15) ... Balkans and Israel (shatterbelt), Amsterdam ... My definition: study that analyzes geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. 53 terms. the part of a region considered essential to the viability and survival of the whole, esp. Question 2 Explanation: The correct answer is (D). The classic example of a shatterbelt is southeastern Europe, especially the Balkan Peninsula. The interplay among geography, power, politics, and international relations. Regions where boundaries are weakly developed, territoriality is unclear and not well established. Although the term itself did not come into wide use until after World War II, the general concept of a shatterbelt appeared in the writings of political geographers several decades earlier. AP Human Geography Vocabulary Apartheid: a legal system that was the physical separation of different races into different geographic areas My definition: separation of people in South Africa based on race Example: There were apartheid laws in South Africa between around 1950 to 1994. Cohen's theory predicted that armed conflicts after 1950 would likely occur in areas within the Inner Crescent or Middle east. Shatterbelts in the Middle East and Africa emerged in the latter 20th century due to the collapse of imperialism, and the subsequent devolution of structures of governance to multiple independent states, most of which had never existed prior to the collapse of colonial authority. Shatterbelt: A large, strategically located region that is occupied by a number of conflicting states and is caught between the conflicting interests of adjoining Great Powers; a zone of chronic political splintering and fracturing: Sovereignty: Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states: State Japan, Ireland, Israel, Turkey, France, Iran, Ukraine, Belarus. These regions are under persistent stress and they are often fragmented by aggressive rivals. an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values. Objectives. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A synonymous phrase is “crush zone.”. characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority. shatterbelt. An ATTEMPT to marry the concepts of nation and State into one big happy territory. 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shatterbelt definition ap human geography

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