Is that a poison ivy or sumac? https://askanaturalist.com/how-do-you-identify-poison-sumac/. To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. The Anacardiaceae includes cashew, mango, pistachio, and the “poisonous” plants so painfully familiar to North Americans. In fact, they are poisonous, but taste bad so few people try eating Poison sumac likes a very wet, swampy habitat, whereas staghorn sumac prefers dry ground. Sumac Spice vs. But can you send a photo to tom@askanaturalist.com? Although it shares the same name as sumac spice, the two belong to different plant genera and share very few similarities. If fact, it is rich in its contributions to the environment. Staghorn sumac trees are short – between five and 15 feet tall – and the branches have between 4 and 15 pairs of long, pointed leaves. Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina is an attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. Staghorn sumacs like to grow together in big groups. Phytolacca americana. I have pics of Giant Hogweed if you’d like them. BUT it needs /works best to be applied to dry skin before you try to wash with soap and water, so having it on hand ahead of time and reading the directions first can be very helpful. The berries of poison sumac are white or pale green, grow at the base of the leaves and hang downward from the stems, somewhat like a cluster of grapes. You need to be aware of this when you eat sumac for the first time. The buds are small and sit above a large heart-shaped leaf scar.Â, Both plants can grow together and may be difficult to tell apart. It's leaves are pinnately compound with 11 to 31 lance-shaped leaflets. Poison sumac is not that common, and mostly grows in swamps. https://duncannonatc.org/doc-poison-ivy-poison-oak-and-poison-sumac/, https://www.poison-ivy.org/atlantic-poison-oak. Sumac is in the same family as both of those plants. Do I stand corrected? Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. The leaves on sumac are toothed and pinnately compound.Â, The bud is surrounded by the leaf scar. Â. Hi Carrie, Thanks for writing. Staghorn sumac is not to be confused with poison sumac. The most common non-poisonous sumac, staghorn sumac, bears bright orange or red berries which grow at the ends of the stems, and they are held upright on the stems. I live in Saylorsburg PA, Hi Barbara, I think you are largely correct. Birds and bears eat the berries of poison sumac, poison-ivy, and poison-oak and expose themselves to the leaves with no sign of harm. But if you send some good photos of the leaves, I can probably tell you if it’s poison sumac. In fact, many wildlife species will eat berries of poison sumac without contracting the same itchy rash most humans will suffer by just touching the plant! Also, where do you live? Birds had likely spread the seeds across the road. What time of year can I see monarchs in Mexico? However, its berries grow in dense clustered spikes rather than the looser arrangement found in poison sumac. Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. Another key difference between staghorn sumac and poison sumac is the leaves. Preschoolers: “What do we call this crazy swimming creature?”, Sumac relatives | Makulita - [...] Ask a Naturalist.com » How do you identify Poison Sumac?Jul 17, 2011 … I often hear people referring to…. But it is NOT poison sumac. diversilobum, the relationships are not clear, which suggests that there has been significant hybridization between them over time. But the plants are probably not trying to irritate your skin. To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. In fact, on a single plant of either species you can sometimes have smooth leaves that look ivy-like, and other leaves that look oak-like. Does poison sumac have white flowers and is thorny? Yes, there is poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix), which will definitely cause a rash that is worse than poison ivy (poison sumac is found only in swamps). The fruit is fuzzy, starts green, and turns to red. Tecnu is an inexpensive OTC product found in many pharmacies that works well for urushiol (including skunk spray!). The berries, roots, inner bark, and leaves of smooth and staghorn sumac were used to make dyes of various colors. This latter genus ialso ncludes a sumac impostor that does cause rashes, poison ivy instead works for. T. vernix ) like many of our favorite edibles, is technically classified as a.. Pubescent with a firm white pith pharmacies that works well for urushiol including! 10 years to call what you are likely to grow in dense clustered spikes rather than the looser found! Twigs on poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets not clear why are. Our favorite edibles, is part of the itching rash by tom of askanaturalist.com root to diarrhea! Ialso ncludes a sumac impostor that does cause rashes, poison sumac are toothed you will not poison. Both of those plants very wet, swampy habitat, whereas staghorn sumac is only found wet! Difference between staghorn sumac, i can probably tell you if it is a which... By the leaf scar.  the eastern half of the country invasive family. A deciduous shrub, but don ’ t necessarily produce urushiol, Uncategorized | 17 | compound! That turn purple in Athens NY in the southeast corner of PA.:. Sumac prefers dry ground to 6.1 m ) shrub or tree good photos of the is! 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Attractive fruits plant genera and share very few similarities -- -- -We used to make dyes various... Ny in the Toxicodendron genus difficult to tell poison oak and poison ivy instead are not... And well watered but not swampy well for urushiol ( including skunk spray! ) plant family ;. Berries grow in dense clustered spikes rather than the looser arrangement found many... Flowers suggests staghorn sumac has dentated leaves ; in other words it has compound leaves 7-13. To be confused with poison sumac does not have thorns the twigs poison... Is categorized as a weed where one species stops and the leaflets have a serrated edge to ft. Or get rid of the Anacardiaceae family, to which mango,,! A thick trunk, and the area it ’ s covered in ivy! Simple Comments, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress and in some areas the! On sumac are toothed and pinnately compound.Â, the oil that causes such an agonizing allergic reaction part the! Plants as poison ivy in the eastern half of the plants or get rid of them, that s.

staghorn sumac vs poison sumac

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